They cut domestic violence funding and National Parks, froze Newstart, and consigned the most needy to the Indue cashless welfare card while spraying unprecedented billions in “invitation only” grants – our taxpayer dollars – at political targets. A forensic analysis of four budgets and MYEFO statements by Jommy Tee has found pork-barrelling endemic; another $1.7 billion in “top-ups” under the Community Development Grants scheme, some 70 per cent of which went to Coalition seats, and a huge chunk to Peter Dutton’s electorate.
Rorting by Invitation Only
“Only projects identified by the Australian Government will be considered for funding under the CDG Programme, including the Government Election Commitments since 2013 and other government initiated projects.
The CDG Programme is a non-competitive grants program. If your project has been identified to receive grant funding you will be contacted by the Australian Government.”
The guidelines for the Community Development Grants (CDG) program read as a confession – and they are – the program is a slush fund. It was set-up to institutionalise public funding for political and partisan electioneering outcomes.
The last budget revealed a staggering $2.5 billion of funding slushed around in the CDG coffers since it began — funding nearly 1,000 projects. The largest grant being $35 million for a project based around Peter Dutton’s marginal electorate of Dickson. Approximately 70% of grants awarded went to Coalition-held seats.
Most of the plunder – in fact a jaw-dropping $1.7 billion – has been deposited since the 2016 election.
The rot appears to have set in when Scott Morrison, and his former chief of staff, Phil Gaetjens, took control of the Treasury portfolio in late 2015.
This is a program where only the Government’s hand-picked projects are invited, approved and funded and, as such, is a nightmare for the usually responsible bean-counters in government.
An investigation by Michael West Media found hundreds of million of dollars in top-up grants were slyly announced in the budget’s lesser known sibling, MYEFO, the Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook statement which is published each year in December.
This slush will continue for at least another two elections as the CDG program runs through until 2025-26.
So what did the CDG program fund?
Officially, the CDG provides funding for “critical” projects where the Government has identified the need for new or upgraded facilities. Projects range from new sporting facilities to upgrading community centres and small-scale infrastructure projects.
How “critical” are these programs? Just about anything and everything has been funded including all manner of things associated with planes, trains and automobiles, tourism precincts, and a few lucky private companies — and lots of sporting facilities. One would have thought the Government had had enough sporting grant programs to show its sporting largesse — but apparently not.
As the guidelines of the program make clear, the Government issues the lucky grantee with an invitation and then the funding magically flows in a seamless fashion, although it can take some time for the grant to materialise.
Let’s give ’em a show: Barnum meet Bailey
The CDG program started life after under Tony Abbott when a relatively modest $340 million was tipped into it.
Then Scott Morrison became treasurer in September 2015 and, after hiring Phil Gaetjens to run his office, the program levitated to stellar heights.
To put on a show in the election big top, a show which dealt out promises large and small to entice support for the Government, required both an ad man – come on down Scott Morrison – and a walking abacus – come on down Phil Gaetjens.
Morrison’s marketing skills were well honed prior to his tilt at Parliament when he headed up Tourism Australia from 2004-06. Yet his time at Tourism Australia ended mysteriously and abruptly when his employment was terminated. In 2008, the Auditor-General released a report that was scathing of the way in which taxpayers money was spent at Tourism Australia, including the period when Scott Morrison was in charge.
Gaetjens, having spent close to a decade as chief of staff to former treasurer, Peter Costello, and then as NSW Treasury Secretary, returned to the federal fold to become Morrison’s right-hand man. A highly experienced numbers man who knew Treasury procedures and the power of budgets to deliver election promises now complemented the marketing instincts of Morrison.
Under their guidance, the CDG morphed into a vehicle delivering hundreds of apparently partisan pre-election commitments during the 2016 and 2019 election campaigns.
An election tomorrow — look over there!
An examination of budget documents and MYEFO statements suggests that regular program top-ups coincided with the election cycle. In short, a vaudevillian act, wowing punters every three years with promises and delivering the funding through the lesser-analysed MYEFO fine print.
Let’s review the last two performances of this extravaganza: the federal elections of July 2016 and May 2019.
Like pulling a rabbit out of a hat, Morrison as treasurer in 2016, conjured up $586 million after the July 2016 election — a 171% increase from the original pot of gold. The announcement came in December’s MYEFO. No sawing a lady in half here. It’s all about multiplying — after all, winning elections comes at a cost.
According to an associated budget document, Regional Australia – Driving Our Economy 2017-18, a total of 450 projects were funded in the 12 months after the 2016 election.
What an encore.
We’re on the road again
Exhausted from materialising bloated bunnies, the CDG stars took a reprieve until the show was rolled out again ahead of the 2019 election.
However, by this stage, Morrison had appointed Gaetjens as treasury secretary just before he himself emerged from behind the leadership curtain as prime minister in August 2018.
With Morrison now as PM, his loyal former chief of staff was responsible for helping his new treasurer, Josh Frydenberg, perfect more tricks and craft the 2018-19 MYEFO and 2019 election budget.
The CDG was not overlooked. The 2018-19 MYEFO produced a further $177.7 million out of thin air. But to ensure the punters could enjoy the miracle of further local funding in their electorates, the 2019-20 budget, delivered just weeks out from the election, refined pork-barrelling to an art form. It announced another $492.6 million available under the CDG, effective from 2018-19.
The success of the CDG also spurred imitators, and a different style of production was adopted.
The 2016 election result had been a bit too close for comfort, so why not create a franchise of shows? From the December 2016 MYEFO through to the pre-election 2019 budget, an unprecedented slush of money – currently the subject of rorting allegations –materialised.
The genesis of the new funding and massive top-ups all occurred when either Scott Morrison was treasurer or Phil Gaetjens was treasury secretary. The biggest raid on the public purse was the 2019 election budget, which delivered just shy of $4 billion to:
- the Community Sports Infrastructure Grants
- the Community Development Grants
- the Female Facilities and Water Safety Stream
- the Urban Congestion Fund
- the Commuter Car Park Fund
- the Regional Airports Program, and
- the Building Better Regions Fund
A re-filled treasury-chest-cum-war-chest comes in handy ahead of an election. Whether colour-coded spreadsheets and the prime minister’s office were involved in this chicanery is yet to be determined.
Stand and applaud punters.
The sneaky switch
A magician never reveals their tricks, or so the saying goes.
One of the reasons the funding of the CDG has been difficult to trace is that funding boosts are difficult to track. Often funding was allocated under a different name (or as magicians like to say “misdirection”) and from budget savings elsewhere in government.
Let’s take a look at misdirection. This was used for the 2016-17 budget process. The budget of that year contained no announcement about topping up the CDG. We would only find out about the top-up in December’s MYEFO. Even then, the headline attraction was not badged as CDG, rather the alias of “Community Infrastructure Projects” was used. Only on reading the fine print does one discover this was a way of channeling another $586 million to the CDG.
Likewise, aside from the 2019-20 budget when the stakes were desperate with the Government lagging in the polls and expected to lose office, all the massive top-ups to the CDG were announced, away from prying eyes, in MYEFO.
Additionally, not all the grants awarded under the program are accessible from the one data source, they are scattered across official government documents. The GrantConnect website and pre-July 2017 grants must be sourced from one of the secondary websites hosted by the Department of Infrastructure.
Compounding matters, the date the grants were awarded in the majority of cases lags behind the date the grant was announced by as much as several years.
A number of these top-ups were also funded through cuts to other areas of government expenditure.
In short, pre-election promises and campaign war chests were established at the expense of cutting other, perhaps more worthy, programs.
What the critics say
The Auditor-General, as recently as 2018, looked at the CDG and gave the Infrastructure Department – which nominally administers the program on the Government’s behalf – a moderate rebuke in the way it ran the program.
Nonetheless, according to the Auditor-General, the Department was found to be fundamentally inadequate in addressing the project benefits criteria when it briefed ministers. The audit found that the Department’s briefing simply parroted the claims of the applicants.
Tellingly, the auditor states:
“briefings provided to Ministers recommending that funding be approved for candidate projects did not inform the decision-maker whether the three appraisal criteria for the program had been met in full, in part or not at all.”
No-one could be shocked by the auditor’s finding as the program guidelines enable invited applicants to help themselves to money the Government had already promised during election campaigns.
Nevertheless, the stench of rorting is so strong that the program has again been referred to the Auditor-General, this time by the Greens who wrote to the auditor last month (14 February 2020).
A Tale of Two Cases
Case One: Build it and they will study — and they might even vote for you
Already the beneficiary of a $11 million carpark facility at Ferny Grove courtesy of the porcine-filled Community Car Park Fund, Peter Dutton racked up an additional $450,000 in CDG grants for the Hills District Police Citizen Youth Club during the lead-up to the last election.
However, in the scheme of things it was a smallish grant — certainly when compared to the huge $35 million grant Dutton and others finagled out of the CDG ahead of the 2016 election.
The $35 million grant remains the largest grant ever awarded under the program. The money went to the Moreton Bay Regional Council to build the infrastructure associated with the University of the Sunshine Coast campus at Petrie. The marginal seats of Petrie, Dickson and Longman surround the campus.
Two weeks out from the 2016 election, then treasurer, Scott Morrison, made the announcement. He was flanked by the federal Liberal MP for Petrie, Luke Howarth, Peter Dutton, and federal Liberal MP for Longman, Wyatt Roy, together with the mayor of the council, Cr Allan Sutherland.
Even though the program fell under the bailiwick of the Infrastructure Minister, the then treasurer Scott Morrison, whose chief of staff at the time was Phil Gaetjens, flew in during the election campaign to offer a fistful of dollars to the project – which neighboured the then three Liberal-held seats of Petrie, Dickson and Longman.
Morrison, ever the marketing man said the funding pledge met the Coalition’s plan to “boost jobs and growth”. Peter Dutton, tellingly praised the Treasurer:
“Thank you to the treasurer for making it happen”.
It would stretch the imagination that Morrison’s chief of staff, Gaetjens, did not know about this whopper of a grant and was unaware that CDG was a slush fund designed for exactly this type of electioneering.
The postscripts to the announcement include:
- the grant not materialising until February 2018 – almost two years after it was announced. This is in fact a common occurrence under the program. Not all the funding promises can be paid at once so must be staggered over a number of years.
- The mayor of the Moreton Bay Regional Council, Cr Sutherland, being charged by the Queensland Crime and Corruption Commission on an unrelated matter for two counts of misconduct in public office, whereby the mayor failed to declare a potential conflict of interest surround land he had purchased that had been earmarked for future development..
- Wyatt Roy losing his seat at the 2016 election (the Liberals won it back in 2019).
- Morrison and Dutton launching a leadership coup against Malcolm Turnbull.
- Morrison, Dutton and Howarth being returned at the 2019 election — all of them the recipients of much pork during the 2019 election campaign from the many rortable programs that have been recently exposed.
- The University of the Sunshine Coast campus, strategically positioned in marginal seat territory, prospered even further receiving $69.4 million of funding for student places in 2018 having already being the recipient of a concessional loan of $121 million.
And what became of then Morrison’s Chief of Staff, Phil Gaetjens?
He moved on to become Secretary of the Treasury overseeing the 2019 pork-filled pre-election budget, stayed at the helm of Treasury for just over one year — the second shortest tenure of any Treasury secretary only beaten by Chris Higgins (who died while in the position).
Having overseen the budget process from August 2018 onwards, a process that included the Community Sports Infrastructure Grants program, Gaetjens was then appointed in August 2019 as Secretary of the Prime Minister and Cabinet department, where he became involved in the #sportsrorts scandal.
Gaetjens, at the behest of his former boss, Morrison, undertook an investigation into whether the then sports minister, Bridget McKenzie, breached Ministerial Guidelines in the administration of the Community Sports Infrastructure Grants.
The undisclosed Gaetjens report “cleared” the Government of rorting the program but found McKenzie had an undeclared conflict of interest via her membership of various shooting clubs. McKenzie fell on her sword and resigned.
Evidence provided at Senate Estimates, revealed that Gaetjens did not declare a conflict of interest even though he had been the Prime Minister’s chief of staff and was involved while chief of staff and as secretary of Treasury in approving the original funding and top-ups of the CSIG.
The contents of the Gaetjens report are now locked away for another 20 years under the guise of being cabinet-in-confidence material.
Is interesting to note that for, the last 22 years of Gaetjens’ career, in 19 of those he occupied positions where he was appointed by Liberal Party ministers (ranging from 13 years as chief of staff for two federal treasurers, and for nine years as secretary of three departments at federal and NSW governments level).
That’s a connection longer than many Liberal party apparatchiks could ever dream of. These facts do little to assuage public concerns over the independence and politicisation of the public service.
Case Two: If you don’t succeed the first time — try, try and try again
Ahead of the last year’s election, Tony Abbott secured a grant of $11.5 million for an upgrade of Brookvale Oval — home of the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles rugby league club. The grant would fund the construction of a high-performance training centre, and a grandstand with covered seating for 3,000 fans.
The grant was part of a $31.5 million package which included $20 million from the state government, so a lot of pork was expended to try and keep Tony Abbott in parliament. The joint funding package tends to points to collusion – or perhaps cooperation – between federal and state Coalition governments. Abbott made a song and dance about the grant at Manly’s home game on 6 April 2019.
He only delivered on the promise in 2019 when he was fighting for his political life. It appears he was unable to deliver the promised funding when he was prime minister. Then again, he didn’t have Gaetjens as treasury secretary.
Even when the former prime minister did deliver, he short-changed the club by $1 million, promising $12.5 million in 2016 but only delivering $11.5 million in 2019. Coincidentally, the NSW Government also made a promise in 2016 to fund the redevelopment but it, too, only delivered its funding at the time of last year’s NSW and federal elections.
Still, Abbott was able to gain some political mileage out of the election promise, wheeling it out over three successive elections.
For the Government, too, there’s plenty of mileage. Three elections down and with a 2025-26 end date it has two more elections to go before the final siren sounds on the CDG — unless the program is extended and we move into overtime.
Jommy Tee is a long-time career public servant, having worked in the policy development field for 25+ years as well as an independent researcher interested in politics, current affairs, and Nordic noir.